How to get to Trafalgar Square and what facilities are available there. There is limited Trafalgar Square parking in the vicinity, so you’re advised to take public transport where possible, particularly during events. It is inspected every two years to assess its condition. It will also help us if you tell us which assistive technology you use. Imperial measurements were added to the walls of the northern part of the square in 1976, during the time of metrication in the UK – these can now be seen next to the Cafe on the Square. 14th to 17th century: Most of the area now occupied by Trafalgar Square was the courtyard of the Great Mews stabling, which served Whitehall Palace. Wander into the spectacular St Martin-in-the-Fields Church, which hosts regular services and concerts, and has a charming cafe in its underground crypt. Coronavirus latest: What you need to know about the national lockdown. Charing Cross is the nearest station (Underground and local train services). Scroll down to the venue and map tab below for a Trafalgar Square map. 1867: Sir Edwin Landseer designed the bronze lions placed on guard at the base of Nelson’s Column. William Railton designed the column and statue to honour Admiral Nelson, after his victory in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. We promote London and attract businesses, events, congresses, students and visitors to the capital. Although Britain won, war hero Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson was killed during the battle on his ship, HMS Victory. All rights reserved. Discover what to see in Trafalgar Square, from historic statues to contemporary art. The fourth plinth, in the northwest of the square, was empty for many years. During its history, the square has been a place for protests, demonstrations and large-scale events, which continues to this day. These events must be arranged through us, find out how on our booking page. Trafalgar Square is named after Britain’s victory in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Gather around the two spectacular Trafalgar Square fountains, which were added to the square in 1845. You can attend one of the numerous family-friendly Trafalgar Square events today. The restoration team was able to repair damage to the statue using Craigleith sandstone, the original material used to make it. For more information, go to Visit London. It also plays host to a range of events throughout the year that are supported by the Greater London Authority, who manage the square. Find out more about cookies in our privacy policy. Bronze statues stand on three of them: The bronze statue by G G Adams stands on a granite pedestal on the South West Corner of the square. Thank you for rating. There are many places to stay near Trafalgar Square, from luxury hotels to budget options. The granite statue was sculpted by E. H. Baily. The bronze equestrian statue by Sir Francis Chantery stands on a granite pedestal to the North East corner of the square. 1838: Sir Charles Barry presented a plan to develop Trafalgar Square. Sculptor Sir Edward Landseer insisted on using a dead lion from London Zoo for his initial sketches of the bronze lions. The mermaids, dolphins and tritons (the male figures with tails like fish) were installed later. We manage Trafalgar Square. Find out more about the events held at Trafalgar Square and in the rest of London. There was originally a lamp, built in 1826. Charing Cross is the nearest station (Underground and local train services). Rallies and demonstrations are frequently held at weekends on different political, religious and general issues. The bronze bust by Franta Besley, is mounted on a granite pilaster against the North wall of the square. We manage Trafalgar Square, one of London’s most vibrant spaces in the middle of the city. 1876: The Imperial Measures were set into the north terrace wall (read more about this below). These events must be arranged through us, find out how on our booking page. William Railton’s Trafalgar Square monument, which was erected in 1805, honours Admiral Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar and includes a 5m-tall (16ft) statue of the naval hero. 1832: Work began on the National Gallery. Trafalgar Square is a public square that features some of London’s top attractions, from galleries and historic buildings to statues and monuments. Try The Rooftop at Trafalgar St James for cocktails and panoramic views or The Admiralty for a traditional pub feel. Discover artworks from the Middle Ages to the 20th century at the National Gallery, or marvel at some of the world’s best portraits at the National Portrait Gallery (closed until 2023 for development), which are both to the north of the square. Many events are hosted at Trafalgar Square, including cultural celebrations, commercial events, rallies and demonstrations, filming and photographic shoots. Find out how to get here and what facilities are available, including at the cafe, on our visiting page. London & Partners is the official promotional agency for London. Supported by the Mayor of London, these Trafalgar Square free events include multicultural festivals and religious celebrations, ranging from Chinese New Year and Pride in London festivities, to carol singing beneath the Christmas tree, an annual gift from Norway every year since 1947. The bronze bust by Charles Wheeler, Associate Member of the Royal Academy is mounted on a granite pilaster against the north wall of the square. Surveyors can still check ‘Perches’, ‘Chains’ and other archaic measures against feet and yards. The content presents world-class contemporary artworks in the public realm. The bronze bust by William MacMillian, Royal Academician is mounted on a granite pilaster against the north wall of the square. Explore one of London’s most iconic open spaces with a visit to Trafalgar Square. We’ll consider your request and get back to you in 5 working days. It was donated to Nelson’s Column restoration by Scottish company Watson Stonecraft. He wanted it to be a cultural space open to the public. When the central staircase was added, the measures were relocated, and you can now find information about them outside the café on the square. Recent inspections found that the column was in sound condition, but recommended conservation work to preserve it for future generations. Nearby parking facilities are provided by Q-Park. The site of Trafalgar Square was previously the Royal Mews from the 14th to the 17th centuries. It also has the café on the square. 1843: Nelson’s Column, designed by William Railton, was erected. See the famous lion statues, the iconic fountains and Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square. Trafalgar Square is a public square that features some of London’s top attractions, from galleries and historic buildings to statues and monuments. This group guides and monitors the commissions for the plinth. Find out about the history of this heritage site, its statues and its fountains. Find out more about the events held at Trafalgar Square and in the rest of London. The fountains operate on most days. It is now managed by a Commissioning Group Panel of specialist advisors. The fourth was left empty until 1999, when it housed the first of a series of contemporary artworks  – find out what’s currently on The Fourth Plinth. The changes also included a cafe, public toilets and a lift for disabled access. This included the Nelson memorial statue and two fountains. 1812: The architect John Nash began to develop ‘a new street from Charing Cross to Portland Place’. If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of a PDF or other document on this page in a more accessible format, please get in touch via our online form and tell us which format you need. It’s surrounded by the National Gallery to the north; St Martins-in-the-Fields Church and The Strand to the east; Whitehall to the south; and Admiralty Arch and The Mall to the south west. Probably the smallest police box ever built can be found on the southeast corner of the square. You can also take a bus to Trafalgar Square, with the following bus routes stopping at the square: 3, 6, 9, 11, 12, 13, 15, 23, 24, 29, 53, 87, 88, 91, 139, 159, 176 and 453. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Trafalgar Square is surrounded by museums, galleries, cultural spaces and historic buildings. Gaze up at Nelson’s Column, the centrepiece of Trafalgar Square. More recently, it was redeveloped to include a pedestrianised area at the north of the square in 2003. John Nash subsequently redesigned the square, which officially opened in 1844. Many events are hosted at Trafalgar Square, including cultural celebrations, commercial events, rallies and demonstrations, filming and photographic shoots. Trafalgar Square at Christmas: lighting the tree, carol singing and the blessing of the crib. The Mayor supports this democratic tradition, and gives access to the square for such causes. Tuck into lunch or dinner in one of the many Trafalgar Square restaurants and cafes, such as relaxed dining at Café on the Square or The National Café, and more refined meals at Bronte, The National Dining Rooms and The Portrait Restaurant. Take your pick from these nearby hotels. In 1876 the Imperial Measures were set into the north terrace wall. In 2006, it was discovered that Nelson’s Column is actually. 1830: The site was officially named Trafalgar Square. When the Craigleith quarry in Scotland closed sixty years ago it made getting hold of the stone almost impossible, so previous restorers patched Nelson up using a mixture of mortar and cement. The square is decorated with Nelson column in the center, statues of King George IV, General Havelock and General Napier, and fountains of Sir Lutyens. The four bronze lion statues in London’s famous square were added in 1867 by Sir Edward Landseer and sit at the base of Nelson’s Column as protectors of the monument. Trafalgar Square, plaza in the City of Westminster, London, named for Lord Nelson’s naval victory (1805) in the Battle of Trafalgar.Possibly the most famous of all London squares, Trafalgar Square has always been public and has had no garden. In 1926, Scotland Yard installed a telephone line and light which the police could use to call for assistance. Trafalgar Square is a centre of national democracy and protest. The bronze statue by W Behnes stands on a Dartmoor granite pedestal on the South East corner of the square. Nelson's Column is Grade 1 listed. Trafalgar Square is in Westminster, in central London. Here at City Hall we are proud to be making our events more sustainable. Find out how to become a Partner to enhance your listing and access other benefits. Nelson's contribution was remembered with Nelson’s Column, a key feature of the square. Don’t miss the Trafalgar Square police box, which was the smallest police station in London – although some argue it wasn’t technically a police station. Three of these support bronze statues of General Sir Charles James Napier, Major General Sir Henry Havelock and King George IV. It is five metres high and stands on a bronze platform made from old guns from the Woolwich Arsenal Foundry. © 2020 TripAdvisor LLC. Visit Trafalgar Square at night, and you’ll see these fountains illuminated with LED lights. In 2003, feeding the Trafalgar Square pigeons became illegal in most of the square, with a full ban in place by 2007. The nearest station to Trafalgar Square is Charing Cross, which is on the Bakerloo and Northern lines, and has mainline rail services connecting to the south east of England. The fountains were added in 1845. Sir Edwin Lutyens redesigned the fountains in the 1930s to include new centrepieces featuring dolphins, mermaids and tritons. Its construction began in 1829. This is a dynamic search form and results will populate below the input as you type. The north terrace was pedestrianised, so that the square is now linked to the National Gallery. The lions, designed by Sir Edwin Landseer, are said to protect Nelson’s Column. This input is an autocomplete input, results will display as you type. There is a dedicated Trafalgar Square Tube station exit, which leads directly onto the square. In July 2003 a huge project to transform Trafalgar Square was completed. It is now used for storage. This work includes repairs to the stonework, cleaning areas of corrosion, protecting the bronze with wax, general cleaning to remove pigeon guano, and pigeon-proofing minor areas. Other nearby Trafalgar Square Underground stations include Leicester Square (six-minute walk), Embankment (eight-minute walk) and Piccadilly Circus (nine-minute walk). It also plays host to a range of events throughout the year that are supported by the Greater London Authority , who manage the square. Snap a selfie with one of the Trafalgar Square lions. A hawk flies around the square every weekday morning to deter pigeons. Apply to host your event here: cultural, commercial, rallies, filming, photo shoots, more. Enjoy a drink at Trafalgar Square pubs and bars, which can be found around the square and in adjoining streets. Spot the four plinths in the corners of the square. The most iconic and big square in London, commemorating the victory of the British Royal Navy at the Battle of Trafalgar . T. 169ft 3in (51.6m) high, 14ft 6in (4.4m) shorter than had previously been thought. The mews moved to its current location at Buckingham Palace in the early 19th century. The four bronze panels at the base of the column depict some of Nelson’s battles. However, some Craigleith stone was found during a restoration of Donaldson's School for the Deaf (an A-listed building in Edinburgh). Trafalgar Square was officially given its name in 1830. General Sir Charles James Napier, Major General Sir Henry Havelock and King George IV. There are four plinths for statues in the square.

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